A rusty Brodie helmet from WW1.

Since the 1900s, the way in which disability is perceived and treated has changed dramatically. For example, sidewalk truncated domes are now standard in cities, and those with disabilities now enjoy inclusive workplaces and communities. Join us as we take a look back at the history of disability rights.

The 1900s

The early 19th century saw new attempts at the resolution of disability with asylums and segregated schools. During this time, many institutions were established in both Europe and North America for individuals with blindness, deafness, and other physical and intellectual disabilities.

Disabilities were also better able to be treated during this time, thanks to the development of the differential diagnosis. New methods of education and interventions for treatment were also devised during this century.

1918 was the year that Congress passed a rehabilitation program for soldiers, due to the large numbers of WW1 veterans who returned from the war disabled. The rehabilitation program was the first of its kind. One year later, the Ohio Society for Crippled Children, which would become the Easter Seals organization, was founded.

The 1920s

The 1920s would see contrasting developments occurring in the realm of disability rights. In 1925, Samuel Orton began an extensive study of dyslexia, based on his hypothesis that the condition might be neurological and not visual.

An unfortunate development occurred in 1925 when it was ruled by the Supreme Court that the compulsory sterilization of those with mental illness was constitutional, albeit under careful state safeguards. It may come as a great surprise to many that this ruling has yet to be overturned.

In 1925, the respiratory muscle paralysis experienced by those with polio would soon be able to be treated with that year’s invention of the iron lung, which provided artificial respiration.

The 1930s

In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who suffered from polio, would become America’s 32nd president. Soon after, he would help to found the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which is now known as the March of Dimes. The California Council for the Blind would be formed in 1934 and, the next year, Roosevelt would sign the Social Security Act, which would begin providing permanent assistance to disabled adults.

The 1940s

Rosemary Kennedy would undergo a failed lobotomy in 1941, after which she would be moved to a Wisconsin school for exceptional children. Rosemary’s sister Eunice Kennedy Shriver would later found the Special Olympics in her honor.

New York City’s Dr. Howard A. Rusk would found the Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine in 1948. His theories would become the basis for all types of rehabilitation medicine and address the social, psychological, and emotional aspects of living with disabilities.

The 1950s

This decade would see the beginning of the “barrier-free movement” by a combined force of disabled veterans and individuals, along with organizations such as the National Easter Seals Society and the Veterans Administration. As a result of their combined efforts, national standards for barrier-free buildings and safer walkways with truncated domes would eventually be developed.

Parents of children with what was then referred to as mental retardation would begin the work of changing public perception of the condition with the Association for Retarded Citizens (ARC). The organization would ensure that all diagnosed with mental retardation would receive the support they needed to thrive in all American communities.

The 1960s

A wheelchair ramp.

The 1960s would prove to be a dynamic and intense time for the disabled. The accessibility and usability of buildings would be in the spotlight in 1961 when the first accessibility standard would be published. By 1973, accessibility legislation would be adopted by 49 states.

A young Ed Roberts, who suffered from polio, was denied admission into the University of California, Berkeley in 1962. He would fight this decision and become the first person to be enrolled. The efforts of Roberts and other disabled students would result in the formation of the Independent Living Movement and the establishment of the first Center for Independent Living.

In 1963, an act would pass that would see money set aside for the development of councils, protection, advocacy, and university centers for all with disabilities. Two years later, Medicaid would be created. The Architectural Barriers act of 1968 would mandate that all buildings be made accessible to those with disabilities.

The 1970s

Wheelchair-bound Judy Heumann would file and settle a lawsuit in 1971 because of being denied a teaching license by New York City’s Board of Education. She would then become an activist and later found the Independent Living Movement with Ed Roberts. Also that year, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 would make it illegal for any federally funded public institution to discriminate based on disability.

In 1974, the first convention for the national organization People First would be held in Oregon. That same year, the last law which allowed police to arrest and place in jail anyone demonstrating an apparent disability, also called an “ugly law,” was repealed in Chicago.

The final years of the 70s would see protests by disability demonstrators, the development of the Education Fest for disabled Hispanic children, and the establishment of the National Council on Disability.

The 1980s

The first three years of the 1980s would include the Department of Justice being given the power to sue any residential or treatment institutions that violated the rights of disabled persons in their care.

Also at this time, global equality and full participation of disabled persons would be encouraged by the UN, the National Organization on Disability would be founded, and a national campaign would begin to make public transportation accessible. This would lead to accessible housing being mandated and a new act that would prohibit air carriers from discrimination against disability.

The 1990s

President George H. W. Bush would sign the Americans with Disabilities Act into law in 1990. It would bring together all disability supporters, advocates, and organizations together for the benefit of disabled persons. It would also mandate the use of ADA truncated domes for easy detection of approach to hazardous locations.

An ADA truncated dome tile from ADA Solutions LLC being installed on a sidewalk.

1996 would see the Telecommunications Act being passed. The act would require all telecommunication devices to be equipped with accessibility features. In 1998, a federal judge would rule that professional golfer Casey Martin had the right to use a golf cart in PGA Tournaments due to his rare circulatory disorder.

In 1999,  the availability of Medicare and Medicaid for disabled beneficiaries would be expanded by the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvements Act.  It would also be ruled that individuals have the right to receive benefits, and that it would be illegal discrimination to fail to find community-based placements for qualifying individuals with disabilities.

The 2000s

2001 saw detectable warnings for curb cuts becoming officially required. The New Freedom Commission on Mental Health would be established in 2002. The Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act would authorize funding and education for its athletes. California voters would pass Proposition 63, which would provide a wide range of services for those with severe mental illness.

In 2005, Terri Schiavo, who was in an irreversible persistent vegetative state for seven years prior, would have her feeding tube ordered removed and ultimately pass away that year. In 2006, mental health parity would be achieved with the passing of Timothy’s Law.

2006 to 2010 saw the extension of the Americans with Disabilities Act to include those in state prisons and saw mental health facilities being held accountable under Jonathan’s Law. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act would require free and appropriate education for all students with disabilities, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act would become law. The Christopher and Dana Reeves Paralysis Act would also become law, and the reference “intellectual disability” would replace “mental retardation.”

2011’s passing of the new Americans with Disabilities Act would greatly expand requirements for accessibility and set new standards for mobility devices, ticket sales, and service animals, to name a very few. Many lawsuits and protests in the following years would lead to further confirmation, expansion, and enforcement of rights for those with disabilities that continue to this day.


ADA Solutions is a leading manufacturer of truncated dome mats and other tactile warning surface tiles. Call 1-800-372-0519 to learn more about the benefits of our competitively priced products and request your free quote.

diagonal tactile paving at platform edge

Detectable warning surfaces are required by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Federal guidelines require warning mats to be of a minimum size and for truncated domes to meet specific diameter, height, and spacing requirements. These surface-mounted truncated domes can be felt through a cane, walker, wheelchair, or a person’s feet.

Among the most important ADA requirements is where tactile surfaces should be located. To alert an individual of the edge of a walkable path and any potential oncoming traffic and other hazards, these should be placed at:

Curb Ramps

Cutting through a curb or built up to it, curb ramps let walker, scooter, or wheelchair users safely travel between the street and sidewalk. For a person who is visually impaired, identifying these transitions can be difficult. Therefore, detectable warning mats are required where the sidewalk meets the street, a curb indicates a crosswalk, or anywhere a ramp is located. On a sidewalk, truncated domes tell visually impaired individuals they are in a safe area or that moving traffic may be nearby.

Street Intersections

Tactile surfaces must be installed on curb ramps at street intersections. If the street or sidewalk was built pre-ADA, it will vary whether this is required. a municipality can install curb ramps at key pedestrian crossings to ease access to accessible building entrances and to and from accessible parking garages. At other nearby crossings and locations, it may choose to install curb ramps and detectable warning tiles, depending on whether other public facilities are nearby or if input from people with mobility disabilities suggests they are needed.

Transit Platform Edges

ADA compliant detectable warning surface tactiles installation

The ADA requires platform boarding edges without protective screens or guards to have tactile warning surfaces. Panels must be 24 inches wide for the entire length of a platform used by the public. Some warning systems use grooved lines. However, visually impaired people may not easily recognize these. Hard truncated domes are easily identifiable, even underfoot through the soles of one’s shoes, to alert someone of the platform edge and prevent them from falling onto the tracks.

Track Crossings

Truncated dome mats are required on sections of sidewalk approaching where the path crosses a train track. They must be far enough back to alert someone well before they could be in danger. In general, a distance of six to fifteen feet (from the center line of the nearest rail) is sufficient. It leaves enough room for a train gate to close, and it keeps the person far enough from a passing train.

Islands or Cut-Through Medians

A raised island at a crossing must be cut through and level with the street. Alternatively, it can have curb ramps at both sides. There also needs to be a level area of at least 48 inches long by 36 inches wide in the direction of the ramp’s running slope.

If you have any questions or uncertainties about truncated dome requirements or your facility’s need for detectable warnings, ADA Solutions can help. We offer numerous products with surface-mounted truncated domes that comply with the latest standards. Contact us today at 800-372-0519.

Cast in Place Tactile

Most businesses are required by law to follow the guidelines of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This important piece of legislation, first enforced in 1991 and amended over the years, mainly focuses on businesses that serve the public. It requires them to provide equal opportunity to individuals with disabilities, especially regarding access. There are five segments called titles that provide guidance as to which businesses must be ADA-compliant.

Here is a closer look at the most relevant ones:

  • ADA Title I: This is most applicable to small private business owners. Private employers are covered under Title I, which prohibits discrimination based on disability, requires businesses to provide all employees with the same privileges, and makes reasonable accommodations to allow them to perform their duties. Those required to comply with the law include anyone who:
    • Works in an industry that impacts commerce
    • Employs 15 or more workers on a full-time basis
    • Does so for at least 20 weeks per year
  • ADA Title III: This only applies to businesses that are categorized as public accommodations. There are many that fall into this group. Under federal law, such accommodations include restaurants and bars, retail outlets, banks, health care provider offices, banks, and inns, hotels, and motels. Schools, gyms, social service centers, recreation venues, and public transportation facilities must also be compliant.

Those exempt from the law include private religious organizations and clubs, but there are many commercial facilities that aren’t included either. If a warehouse, office building, or factory doesn’t provide goods or services directly to the public, it only needs to meet ADA requirements if it undergoes alterations or is being newly constructed.

ADA guidelines are less strict for small businesses. However, owners are expected to make reasonable efforts to accommodate individuals with disabilities. That means if your facility prohibits animals, an exemption for service dogs is recommended. If it’s not too difficult or costly, physical barriers should be removed to best serve the public.

For businesses with larger resources, the “readily achievable” requirement takes a larger stand because these organizations can take a more active role. Also, the ADA recognizes the impact of economic factors such as profits. If profits go down, a reduction or delay in barrier removal can be accepted under the ADA.

What Is ADA?

In its 2010 Standards for Accessible Design, the United States Department of Justice called for the removal of architectural barriers to make facilities more accessible. Some of its requirements include adding curb cuts to sidewalks and entrances, arranging furniture so that there’s a clear path of travel, widening doors, and allowing enough room around toilet partitions to accommodate a wheelchair.

The regulations also cover factors such as entrance ramps and accessible parking in areas of public accommodation. Also, the ADA focuses on ensuring goods and services are available by changing display rack layouts, using more visible signage, or including Braille.

The ADA provides a safe harbor provision in its Title III regulations. It states that any facility elements built or altered before March 15, 2012 don’t have to be adapted to the 2010 standards if they comply with the standards that went into effect in 1991. However, residential facilities and dwelling units, amusement rides, golf facilities, play areas, and swimming pools aren’t covered by the provision.

What Are the Consequences of Noncompliance?

It is important to be ADA-compliant, as it not only improves accessibility and safety but also because it is looked upon carefully by the courts. Proving that barrier removal could not be readily achieved can be a challenge, as the court may see this argument as a weak defense. There are variables such as what is not readily achievable can be done later. Ambiguities in the statutory language can present challenges for any facility or government entity being sued.

The civil penalties for ADA-noncompliance were last adjusted in 2014. A business found to violate ADA Title III rules can face a civil penalty of as much as $75,000 for a first violation. The maximum is $150,000 for a subsequent violation.1

Areas of Compliance

Brick Red Surface Applied Detectable Warning System

The ADA has provided a checklist for barrier removal to use as guidance. Some areas of compliance involve accessibility of public telephones, elevator call buttons and control panels, drinking fountains, self-service kiosks, and vending machines.

Regarding ADA safety, perhaps the most important consideration concerns detectable warning surfaces. These are required wherever there is a public right-of-way. Crosswalks, store entrances, walkways, and parking lots are just a few examples. The ADA provides specific regulations on the size and placement of these panels, as well as the width, height, and spacing of the truncated domes on them that allow people using canes, wheelchairs, and scooters to detect a transition in surfaces or where an area of high traffic is nearby.

ADA Solutions Can Help Your Facility Stay Compliant

Our products can help you comply with ADA regulations and local ordinances and laws. While the ADA doesn’t, some local jurisdictions require a specific color to be used. The ADA calls for a contrast of light and dark. If you’re looking to complete ADA compliant updates, we can help you with a variety of products, including replaceable panels and cast-in-place units. If you don’t have ADA-compliant pavers, you can retrofit your facility with surface-applied detectable warning systems.

Yellow Transit Detectable Warning Tile

We also offer tactile radius systems for curved areas such as sidewalk corners or turns in accessible pathways. Replaceable graphic tiles, photoluminescent systems, and heavy-duty cast in place warning tiles for transit facilities are available as well. The guidelines for transit facilities are somewhat different, but we offer those and Staggered Dome Surface Applied Tactile, In-Line Surface Applied Tactile, and Staggered Dome Cast-in-Place Tactile surfaces.

Whatever the needs of your public facility, ADA Solutions can provide the ADA-compliant tactile warning surfaces it needs to improve accessibility, safety, and compliance. Call 800-372-0519 to learn more or get a free quote.


  1. https://www.ada.gov/civil_penalties_2014.htm
yellow surface applied warning tiles

If you’re looking to improve your public access system, look no further than the most recent guidelines. The Americans with Disabilities Act, which became a law in 1990, covers everything from workplace discrimination to web usability, to the accessibility of public access points. Titles II and III, which were originally published in 1991, are collectively known as the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. If you intend on making improvements in 2020, here are some requirements to consider.

Public access systems owned by state and local government agencies, commercial facilities, and operators of public accommodations must be ADA-compliant. The law applies to newly designed facilities, newly constructed facilities, and those that have been altered after the latest rules went into effect.

To be compliant with these standards, a facility must be:

  • Readily accessible to individuals with disabilities
  • Usable by individuals with disabilities.

What Is Required and Where?

Here is what to improve if you’re looking to update your public access system:

  • Curb Ramps: Updates as recently as 2016 make state and local governments fully responsible for how they build curbs. These guidelines call for a slope of no more than 8.33% and for the ramp to be at least 36 inches wide.1 Any transition must be level with the street, walkway, or gutter. A curb ramp must be placed anywhere a sidewalk or pedestrian path touches a curb that transitions into a roadway.
  • Sidewalks: Any sidewalk must have a clear width of 36 inches minimum. However, if a given section extends for 24 inches, this can be reduced to 32 inches, but reduced width areas must be separated by 48- x 36-inch (minimum) segments. At least one accessible route must be available from a public street, accessible parking area, or passenger loading zone. Common violations include incorrect or missing signs at entrances or exits, steep slopes, a lack of accessible bathroom stalls, and non-compliant stairways, parking spaces, and service counters.2

The latest guidelines consider the fact people with disabilities may not notice changes in walking surfaces. This includes where a sidewalk transitions into a busy street with vehicular traffic or where an elevated ramp begins, which stresses the need for:

  • Detectable Warning Surfaces: These are surfaces placed on or embedded in concrete that feature truncated domes. Each dome must meet specific guidelines in terms of height, width, and placement in relation to other domes. The purpose of this is to create an audible surface that makes a sound when a person using a walking stick or wheelchair passes over it. Detectable warning surfaces are bright in color to provide contrast with surrounding surfaces. Their tactile nature enables people to feel the truncated domes below their feet (more on tactile warning surfaces by ADA Solutions, Inc. later).

Requirements are in place for specific types of facilities. Here is a look at ADA requirements to consider when making improvements to:

  • Housing at Places of Education: Kitchens must have a turning space of at least 36 inches wide, while multi-bedroom housing units with accessible sleeping rooms must have an accessible route through the unit.
  • Assembly Areas: Horizontally dispersed wheelchair spaces and companion seats must be available in stadiums, arenas, and grandstands on all levels near a field of play or performance area. In stadium-style movie theaters, they must be on a riser or cross-aisle within the rear 60% of seats.3
  • Medical Care Facilities: Sufficient clear floor space should be available at a parallel approach to the side of a bed. Turning space should be provided in toilet and bathing rooms, as well. Doors in such rooms must not impose on the clear floor space when open unless they’re not for common use or public use.
  • Detection/Correctional Facilities: At least 3% of cells, and no fewer than one cell, in a facility must have accessible mobility features, including adequate turning space, compliant benches, and clear floor space near a bed and in toilet and bathing facilities.4
  • Primary Function Areas: Areas within a facility containing a major activity, such as bank tellers, telephones, restrooms, drinking fountains, and employee areas, must have an accessible path of travel.

In fact, ADA requirements affect any business or organization that accommodates the public, including stores, restaurants, public restrooms, parks, parking garages, bus stations, and train/rail/subway stations; as well as airports, hotels/motels/resorts, and apartment/rental properties.

Cast-in-place Tile

In addition to detectable warning surfaces and clear accessibility paths, you want to ensure the following are ADA-compliant:

  • Number of accessible parking spaces: There must be at least one accessible parking space in a parking facility of up to 25 total spaces, two in a 26 to 25 space lot, and 2% of the total in a parking facility with 501 to 1,000 spaces.
  • Accessible doors/gates: Doors must have a clear width of at least 32 inches, measured with the door open 90 degrees, and openings more than 24 inches deep must provide at least 36 inches of clear space with no projections lower than 34 inches high.
  • Handles: A handle, latch, or lock on a door or gate must be between 34 and 48 inches high from the floor or ground. Similarly, railings, handrails, and guards can not exceed 34 inches above the ground or a deck surface.
  • Ramp rails: Handrails are also required on ramp runs that rise more than 6 inches; they should be provided on both sides of ramps and stairs. The top gripping surface must be between 34 and 38 inches high at all points above a walking or ramp surface.
  • Benches: Bench seats must be at least 42 inches long and from 20 to 24 inches deep, with proper back support; adequate clear floor or ground space must be positioned at the end of the bench seat and parallel to the bench’s short axis.6

Improve Your Public Access System with ADA Products

At ADA Solutions, Inc., we can help your facility meet ADA requirements. We provide a variety of warning surfaces that improve public access and mobility for visually impaired or otherwise disabled persons. Our Cast-in-Place replaceable panels introduced in 2006 are designed for insertion into fresh concrete, while our Surface Applied detectable warning surfaces can be retrofit onto an existing concrete surface or new construction.

We also offer a heavy-duty Cast-in-Place panel with linear embedment ribs. In addition, our radius system accommodates turns in walking surfaces; they can accommodate a variety of radius conditions and be custom cut to fit applications when necessary. We are also glad to offer solutions for transit facilities, including Heavy Duty Cast-in-Place Tactile, Staggered Dome Surface Applied Tactile, In-Line Surface Applied Tactile, and Staggered Dome Cast-in-Place Tactile.

curved detectable warning tiles on sidewalk.

Most of our products are made of a durable fiberglass reinforced composite material that’s resistant to UV fade and allows your facility to address compliance with the latest ADA standards. Cast iron detectable warning surfaces are also available. Tactile feedback improves public access, mobility, and safety for all pedestrians. Our products meet all the dimensional requirements and specifications outlined in the latest guidelines.

To learn more about how to improve your public access system in 2020 or receive a free quote, call ADA Solutions, Inc. at (800) 372-0519 to speak to a detectable warning expert.


  1. https://adatile.com/govt-regs/
  2. https://adatile.com/california-ada-requirements/
  3. https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm#sec80922
  4. https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm#assemblyareas
  5. https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm#assemblyareas
  6. https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm
curved detectable warning tiles on sidewalk.

When you need a way to increase accessibility and safety for visually impaired pedestrians, tactile paving is your solution. This system allows a pedestrian to detect a distinctive pattern underfoot, providing a warning of approaching hazards. These ADA-compliant tiles are available in a number of different types.

Where Can ADA Tiles Be Found?

The ADA tile system can be found virtually everywhere. Train, subway, and bus stations are required by law to use these tiles to ensure pedestrians remain a safe distance away from tracks and moving vehicles.

On city streets, tiles must be placed on corners to warn about upcoming street crossings. They are available in regular or curved detectable warning tiles. Way-finding surfaces like truncated dome surface tiles help to guide pedestrians across any walking surface.


ADA-compliant tiles are available in both regular and radius forms. The regular form is a rectangular shape, which is ideal for installation in straight lines, such as along the edge of a subway platform.

Radius systems are curved, which allows for installation along curbs, walkways, and other surfaces where tactile warnings are needed in order to avoid injury due to surface changes.


ADA tile systems consist of truncated domes in various patterns. Truncated domes provide a surface that’s different from any other. This is a very important point, as this kind of distinct pattern will prevent pedestrians from confusing it with that of another surface, such as gravel. The truncated dome pattern also allows for the warning to occur as soon as the pedestrian feels it underfoot.

Installation Types

ADA tiles can be installed in three different ways. Each will have its advantages and disadvantages, depending on your climate, budget, and other specific requirements. There are three types of ADA tile: cast-in-place, surface applied, and cast-in-place replaceable.

Cast-in-place Tile


Cast-in-place radius tactile warning panels are a long-term warning system solution. They are made of iron or a composite material consisting of fiberglass, carbon, and homogeneous glass. Each tile features embedment ribs to secure the tile, which is pressed into freshly poured concrete.

Applications for Cast-in-Place Tiles

These tiles are ideal for virtually any climate or application, whether private or public. The product provides pedestrians with an instant warning that a potentially hazardous condition is near. The cast-in-place tile can be seen in locations where the surface transitions from one type to another, such as from a ramp to the sidewalk or from a sidewalk to an intersection.

Cast-in-place tiles are also used where conditions may otherwise be too dangerous for a visually impaired pedestrian to access without assistance. Examples of these can be stair landings, parking lots, or public transportation platforms where permanent warnings are needed.


This type of tile does not require any painting to maintain its color, as the cast-in-place product is colored throughout for long-term color-fastness. In addition to Seattle Yellow, this option is available in eight additional colors, all of them ADA approved.


Tiles of this type can only be installed in fresh concrete. In order to remove them, complete demolition is needed and new concrete poured in order to install new tiles. As a result, this type of tile takes the longest to install and remove.

Surface Applied

The surface-applied tile can either be used to fit onto existing hardened concrete or installed onto new concrete. This lightweight product is made of exterior-grade fiberglass polymer composite material that is both UV stable and colorfast. They also contain beveled edges to create a seamless transition.

Applications for Surface-Applied Tiles

Surface-applied radius tactile panels are best for applications where it isn’t feasible, cost-effective, or necessary to replace concrete. As a result, they can be installed on entryways, ramps, and sidewalks of local businesses, as well as in front of government buildings. They can also be installed in parking lots and on streets and ramps.


This product offers more than one option for installation, as it can be inserted into new concrete as well as installed over existing concrete. Secure installation is another benefit; surface-applied tiles have both color-matched fasteners and structural adhesive to ensure a reliable and long-term fit.

Because they are designed to be placed on top of concrete, surface-applied tiles take only a few minutes to install. Should the need arise to remove this type of tile, all that’s required is to break it apart and remove the pieces.


Depending on the heaviness of traffic, these tiles may need to be replaced more often than other types. They also require time to ensure that the tile is mounted properly so that slippage and separation can be prevented.

Cast-in-place replaceable Tile

Cast-in-Place Replaceable

Cast-in-place replaceable tiles allow for the top part of the tile to be replaced when needed, but without having to demolish the underlying concrete. Also called “wet set,” this product is versatile, allowing for placement in many areas.

Applications for Cast-in-Place Replaceable Tiles

These tiles can be installed on wheelchair ramps, in vehicular passageways, and at escalator approaches. They are also ideal for areas where a visual warning to sighted pedestrians is also needed.


The cast-in-place replaceable tile uses a simple bolt system that allows fast and easy removal when needed. To do so, simply loosen the bolts and lift the old panel off, reversing the procedure for the new panel. A major benefit of this product is that tiles can include messages and artwork so that sighted passengers can also receive warnings.

Any images placed on these replaceable tiles can be of photographic quality. As well, artwork can contain up to four colors, and they are available in a range of five sizes. Messages and artwork can span a series of tiles or be placed on a single tile. Finally, the cast-in-place replaceable tiles offer high cost-effectiveness, as only the top pieces need to be ordered when replacement is needed.


Because they are replaceable, it takes time to ensure that the new tiles are positioned and secured properly each time the old tiles need replacing. This can mean a significant amount of installation time for large areas.

Finding the Right ADA Tile

Although much information about radius tactile detectable warning tiles exists, it can still be difficult to know which one is right for your application. Where this is the case, it’s important to ensure you are getting the right information. Therefore, a knowledgeable staff that can offer expert advice is absolutely essential.

The company you choose should, of course, offer only ADA-compliant products, and the quality of the products you purchase from them should be the highest possible to add the most value to your investment. In terms of pricing, your chosen company should offer prices lower than its competitors, but not at the cost of quality.

You should also be able to get the tiles you ordered within a reasonable amount of time. A warranty will communicate that the company you’ve chosen stands behind their customers and their products.

Superior ADA-Compliant Tiles for Your Application

ADA Solutions prides itself on producing high-quality and durable detectable warning surface tiles. We are able to accomplish this with a sophisticated quality management system at every stage of production. All of our products are manufactured using long-strand fiberglass, which is dispersed evenly through both the tile base and its truncated domes.

We are the leading manufacturer of curved detectable warning panels. Thanks to our large distribution network, ADA Solutions is able to ship your tiles within 6 to 36 business hours following receipt of your order.

All of our products are competitively priced and include a 7-year warranty, the longest in the industry. Discover the difference that working with ADA Solutions can make to your detectable warning panel installation. Call us to request your free quote: 1-800-372-0519.


People are on the go daily. Many often rely on public transportation services like trains, subways, and buses. Getting around can be more difficult if you have some sort of travel-limiting disability and have to rely upon some type of medical device for assistance.

Travel-limiting disabilities require the use of walkers, wheelchairs, crutches, seeing-eye dogs, canes, and so on. Navigating transit stations can be challenging as there are often several obstacles one must overcome. These could include turnstiles, platform edges, elevators, escalators, stairs, ramps, and more.

How ADA Solutions can help improve transit and people with travel-limiting disabilities is with our tactile warning surfaces. Our warning surfaces provide feedback for those with visual impairments. The surface tiles can be used in several locations, as well as for guidance to help people safely get where they need to go.

Additionally, warning surfaces also help provide visual feedback for people without visual impairments. They can help get the attention of someone who is distracted and prevent them from walking off a platform or falling down a flight of stairs.

For more information about how ADA Solutions helps improve transit and our tactile warnings surfaces, we invite you to continue reviewing the following infographic.

Afterward, feel free to browse our online catalog of warning surface tile products. Do not hesitate to contact us directly if you have further questions or need assistance in selecting the best warning surfaces for your transit system. We look forward to sharing our knowledge to help you make your workplace or transit station accessible to everyone.

How Can Tactile Warning Surfaces and ADA Solutions Improve Transit? (Infographic)

Click below to embed this infographic into your website:
Different Types of ADA Tiles

There are several different types of ADA tiles you can use in various locations that provide specific functions and purposes. Each of these tiles complies with current ADA requirements relating to the overall size of the tiles and the spacing between the truncated domes.

  • Please note: It is the responsibility of the installer to ensure tiles are installed according to ADA requirements regarding placement, incline, etc.

1. Cast-in-Place

This type of ADA tile is for new construction projects and renovations.

2. Cast-in-Place Replaceable

This type of ADA tile is also for new construction projects and renovations. The key difference from Cast-in-Place is that Cast-in-Place Replaceable tiles are replaceable without having to tear out the concrete.

3. Surface Applied

This type of ADA tile is for retrofitting projects and is applied on top of existing surfaces.

4. Radius System

This type of ADA tile is for curved applications like common at busy intersections.

5. Cast Iron

This type of ADA tile is well-suited for extreme conditions.

6. Photoluminescent

This type of ADA tile provides lighting in low lighting conditions for non-visually impaired people.

7. Replaceable Graphic Tile

This type of ADA tile is like Cast-in-Place Replaceable but has graphics on the replaceable part of the tile, such as business advertisements, warnings, or other images and messages.

8. Way-Finding Surface

This type of ADA tile is to help visually impaired people find their way in various walking areas like college campuses and parks.

To learn more about the different types of ADA tiles and their differences, we invite you to continue reviewing the following infographic.

Afterward, if you have further questions or need assistance in selecting the best ADA tiles for your project, please feel free to contact ADA Solutions directly to speak with a representative today!

Different Types of ADA Tiles (Infographic)

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stop do not enter sign

The Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, protects employees with legally recognized disabilities from being discriminated against. It requires the places they work in, use, and patronize to accommodate them by providing amenities and access. Violations of the act can lead to a number of negative consequences.

Who Enforces ADA Regulations and Why?

The United States Department of Labor enforces ADA regulations, but there are also several others involved in enforcement. These include the Department of Transportation, the Federal Communications Commission, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and the Department of Justice.

These federal agencies are involved with ADA enforcement because employers, governments, and businesses are bound by federal law to provide individuals with the same level of access that others enjoy.

What Constitutes an ADA Violation?

There are many disabilities and many different ways to accommodate them, which means that several violations are possible.

Workplace-Related Violations

A violation can occur when job postings discourage individuals with disabilities from applying, exclude them, or deny a qualified individual employment because of their disability. It is an ADA violation for any employer to demote, terminate, harass, or fail to provide reasonable accommodations to disabled employees. Other actions that constitute a violation are:

  • Insufficient number of handrails in a walkway
  • Failing to provide wheelchair ramps in necessary areas
  • A lack of parking spots for disabled individuals
  • Inadequate restroom facilities

Violations can also occur in the public spaces individuals patronize and can extend to the improper installation of certain accommodations like handrails or the neglect to maintain a wheelchair ramp.

Public Violations

Any public location can be found to have violated ADA regulations. These locations include movie theaters, restaurants, parks, retail stores, and sidewalks. Depending on where the violation occurred, a wide range of consequences may occur, including but not limited to:

  • Fines
  • Citations
  • Injunctions
  • Lawsuits

Public locations that have been found to be in violation of ADA regulations often find themselves in need of legal representation and many have been found to be liable for payment of damages.

What Can Businesses Do to Avoid ADA Violations?

Detectable Warning Panels

Businesses need to be aware of what constitutes an ADA violation and also be aware of which accommodations need to be in place for disabled individuals. They shouldn’t discriminate against individuals nor allow their employees to do so. Employees should be trained in appropriate assistance of and interaction with disabled individuals.

Hiring policies should also focus on an individual’s qualifications. All public spaces, restrooms, parking lots, and entryways should be accessible at all times. One way to accomplish this is by installing ADA-compliant tiles.

ADA-Compliant Tiles for Every Business

Detectable warning surface tiles allow businesses to maintain their ADA compliance. ADA Solutions products include surface-applied, radius, cast-in-place, and photo-luminescent systems that provide safe access for all disabled individuals using public transit, sidewalks, street crossings, and other spaces.

Our high-quality, durable products, competitive pricing, and 7-year warranty make us the leading manufacturer of ADA-compliant tiles. Call 1-800-372-0519 for your free quote.

Make Your New Buisness ADA Complient

If you are opening a new business or relocating an existing business to a new location, you need to make sure your building is ADA-compliant. Any business that offers goods and/or services to the general public must ensure their facility is compliant with current ADA requirements.

Some of the common areas where ADA compliance can be necessary include, but may not be limited to:

1. Parking Lots

There are specific requirements depending on the number of parking spaces.

2. Interior Routes

Routes inside buildings must be accessible for people with visual impairments, as well as those in wheelchairs.

3. Barriers to Entry

Any barriers to entry like stairs must be addressed to make the building accessible, such as installing an entrance ramp.

4. Ramps/Curb Ramps

When surfaces change by more than 0.5 inches (inclines, stairs, etc.), then ramps or curb ramps must be installed.

5. Walking Surfaces

Various types of walking surfaces can require different types of ADA tiles like wayfinding tiles to help direct the flow of visually impaired people.

To learn more about making your new business location ADA-compliant and further details about these requirements, we invite you to continue reviewing the following infographic.

Afterward, if you need assistance in selecting the best ADA tiles for your new business location, please feel free to contact ADA Solutions directly to speak with a representative today!

  • Please note: There may also be state and local requirements that businesses must adhere to in order to be considered ADA-compliant. It is up to the business owner to review all local, state, and federal requirements.

How to Make Your New Buisness ADA Complient (Infographic)

Click below to embed this infographic into your website:
Myths or Facts concept with business woman hand drawing on blackboard

Signed into law to protect people with disabilities from discrimination, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) includes a variety of accessibility requirements. It covers everything from the width of pedestrian walkways to the slope of pedestrian ramps. It also covers the size and spacing of truncated domes on detectable warning surfaces. For any owner of a business or facility serving the general public, ADA enforcement can have a large impact.

California enacted the ADA in 1992. Since then, there have been more than 20,000 ADA-related lawsuits. The California Building Code and ADA have set a penalty of at least $4,000, plus attorney’s fees, for not meeting accessibility requirements. Payouts can be even higher than that. Every year, litigation costs California business an estimated $20 million.1

Who Enforces the ADA?

In general, ADA regulations are enforced by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The regulations covered include those governing state and local government services under ADA Title II and public accommodations under Title III.

In addition to the DOJ, other agencies enforce the ADA. These include:

  • The Department of Labor (DOL)
  • The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • The Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

The DOL’s Office of Disability Employment Policy provides technical assistance on ADA compliance, but its Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs and Civil Rights Center is tasked with enforcing ADA requirements. To file a direct complaint against an employer, a complainant should contact an EEOC field office in their city, while violations involving telecommunications services should be referred to the FCC. The DOT enforces transit-related regulations.

Many court cases involving ADA violations have been tried by state and local governments. Senate Bill 1608 protects businesses against litigation since ADA lawsuits have become so commonplace in California. The law allows business and property owners to have their facilities inspected for access compliance. Any inspection must be performed by a Certified Access Specialist.

Inspections can protect against unwarranted lawsuits and identify issues that can be fixed to make a facility ADA-compliant. They can also provide a time frame to make corrections and establish an intent to correct any existing accessibility issues.

Why Is the ADA Enforced?

ADA Compliant Handicap disability signs with symbol in park

Enforcing the ADA is essential as violations are all too common, even in 2020. California has more complaints than any other state, with common violations being a lack of accessibility signs or proper symbols at entrances and exits. Slopes too steep for individuals with mobility issues are problematic as well. So are non-compliant stairways with incorrect riser or handrail heights and parking spaces too far from accessible routes, which are not wide enough, and that lack designated signage.

Other issues warranting ADA enforcement include work surfaces, service counters, and bars that don’t meet minimum height requirements. Also, a facility with seating not designed to accommodate wheelchair users is in violation of the ADA.

The ADA Cheat Sheet provides an overview of what to look for when inspecting your facility for compliance. Some considerations include accessible ramp configurations, stairway handrails, doors, lavatories, water fountains, public telephones, and rooms.

To learn more about ADA enforcement and how ADA Solutions LLC can help meet the latest ADA requirements for 2020, call us at (800) 372-0519.